Raspberry Pi Pico Project

Creating LED Animations with Raspberry Pi Pico: A Step-by-Step Guide


Creating LED Animations with Raspberry Pi Pico: A Step-by-Step Guide- LED animations are a fantastic way to infuse fun and visual allure into your electronic projects, offering a delightful mix of creativity and technical skill. In this comprehensive tutorial, we’re going to delve into the world of LED animations by creating a popular and iconic effect known as the ‘Knight Rider.’ This animation, inspired by the moving light display seen on the famous car in the ‘Knight Rider’ TV series, involves multiple LEDs lighting up sequentially to create a visually striking back-and-forth motion.

To achieve this, we’ll be using the Raspberry Pi Pico microcontroller, a versatile and user-friendly platform ideal for both beginners and seasoned hobbyists. The Raspberry Pi Pico offers the perfect blend of simplicity for easy learning and robust features for advanced applications, making it an excellent choice for our project.

We will start by discussing the materials and setup required for this project, including multiple LEDs, resistors to ensure the safety of these LEDs, a breadboard for easy prototyping, and jumper wires for connections. I’ll guide you through the process of arranging your LEDs on the breadboard and correctly connecting them to the Raspberry Pi Pico’s GPIO pins.

Once the hardware setup is complete, we’ll shift our focus to the software part. This involves writing a program in MicroPython or C/C++, depending on your preference. The program will control the GPIO pins, turning the LEDs on and off in a sequential pattern that mimics the ‘Knight Rider’ animation. We’ll go through the code step by step, explaining each part so you can understand not just how to do it, but why it works the way it does.

Along the way, I’ll share some tips and tricks to enhance your LED animation, like adjusting the speed of the sequence and experimenting with different patterns. We’ll also discuss troubleshooting common issues that might arise during the project, ensuring you have a smooth and enjoyable building experience.

By the end of this tutorial, you’ll not only have a cool ‘Knight Rider’ LED animation to show off but also a deeper understanding of how to control multiple LEDs with a Raspberry Pi Pico. This knowledge will serve as a stepping stone for you to create even more intricate and personalized LED animations in your future projects.

So, let’s get started and light up your Raspberry Pi Pico projects with some dynamic and eye-catching LED animations!

What You’ll Need

Raspberry Pi Pico


Jumper wires

Multiple LEDs

Resistors (220 ohms)

Micro USB cable

*Please Note: These are affiliate links. I may make a commission if you buy the components through these links. I would appreciate your support in this way!

Circuit diagram:

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico

Ground (GND) Wire: The black wire serves as the ground. One end is connected to the GND pin of the Raspberry Pi Pico, and the other end is connected to the cathode (negative terminal) of all the LEDs.

Resistors with LEDs: I used the 330-ohm resistors for each LED. One end of each resistor is connected to the anode (positive terminal) of its respective LED.

Connections to Raspberry Pi Pico Pins: The other ends of the resistors are connected to different GPIO pins on the Raspberry Pi Pico. Specifically, they are connected as follows:

Blue wire to GP28

Yellow wire to GP27

Green wire to GP26

Orange wire to GP22

Red wire to GP21


How to Run the LED Animation Code:

Now it’s time to save the code on the Raspberry Pi Pico. To do this, simply click on ‘File’ and then click the ‘Save’ button.

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico

After clicking the save button, a dialog box will open titled ‘Where to save to?’. In that dialog, select the Raspberry Pi Pico.

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico

Then, choose a name for your script, save it with the .py extension, and click the ‘OK’ button.

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico

After saving the script, you can run it by clicking on the ‘Run’ button or by pressing the F5 key on your keyboard.

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico

When you run the code, you will see the output like this:

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico

Experiment and Customize

Congratulations! You have successfully mastered the creation of an LED animation using multiple LEDs and the Raspberry Pi Pico. This achievement marks a significant milestone in your journey with electronics and programming. Now that you have a working model, the realm of customization and experimentation is wide open for you to explore.

Feel free to delve into the various aspects of this project and modify them to better suit your preferences or to challenge your skills further. For instance, you might start by adjusting the duration of the sleep intervals in your code. This simple change can significantly impact the animation’s pace, allowing you to speed it up for a more dynamic effect or slow it down for a more gradual and subtle display. Such modifications can help you understand the relationship between software tweaks and their real-world impact on hardware behavior.

LEDs Animation Using Multiple LEDs with Raspberry Pi Pico


In this comprehensive tutorial, we’ve journeyed through the exciting process of creating an LED animation reminiscent of Knight Rider using a series of LEDs and the versatile Raspberry Pi Pico microcontroller. This project not only served as an engaging way to understand the fundamentals of electronics and programming but also demonstrated the power and flexibility of the Raspberry Pi Pico.

Throughout this guide, we meticulously explored each step, from the initial setup of the hardware to the detailed aspects of the software programming. We’ve seen how simple yet effective coding can bring a series of LEDs to life, creating a dynamic and eye-catching display. This experience has hopefully boosted your confidence in handling microcontrollers and electronic components.

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