HTML & CSS

How to Create a Button in Bootstrap 5 with Programming Examples

Description:

How to create a Button in bootstrap 5 with programming Examples- One of the web components that we make very often is buttons or buttons. Bootstrap provides various classes for making buttons, this is what we will discuss in this tutorial.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5

In HTML, buttons can be created in various ways, for example using the <button> tag or the <input type=button> tag. Apart from that, Bootstrap also allows us to create buttons from other tags such as <span> or <a>. The trick is to add the .btn class to the element.




Here’s an example of creating a button in Bootstrap 5:

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5

Into the 4 elements above, I added the¬†.btn¬†class to create buttons.¬†Its current appearance is indeed more like plain text, but once the mouse cursor is hovered over the text, the cursor will change to a “hand” indicating it is a button.¬†

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5

If the text is clicked, a frame effect will appear.¬†We’ll color these buttons in a moment.



The important point here is, the .btn class is used to create the basic button structure. Bootstrap provides various other additional classes to make it look more attractive.

Set Button Color in Bootstrap 5

The most frequent modification made to buttons is changing their color. In Bootstrap, when it comes to colors, what is meant is contextual classes, namely the color naming system according to the purpose of the color ( primary, secondary, warning, etc.)

Bootstrap provides 8 classes to change the button color, namely:

  • .btn-primary
  • .btn-secondary
  • .btn-success
  • .btn-danger
  • .btn-warning
  • .btn-info
  • .btn-light
  • .btn-dark

Here is an example of its use:

 

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5

Now the appearance of the button becomes more attractive with various color variations. Besides that, there is a hover effect when the mouse cursor is over the button, where the color of the button will dim a little.



Different Types of Buttons in Bootstrap 5 Examples:

Example: how to create an info button in Bootstrap 5:

 

Code explanation:

This code is an HTML document that uses Bootstrap CSS and JavaScript to create a webpage. The document starts with the declaration of the document type as HTML5. The head section includes metadata information, such as character encoding and viewport, and a title for the webpage. The body section has two divs, one containing a header with text “Programming Digest”, and another containing four buttons of different styles (“Info”, “Light”, “Dark”, and “Link”). The buttons are created using Bootstrap’s button classes, “btn-info”, “btn-light”, “btn-dark”, and “btn-link”, respectively. The CSS and JavaScript files required for Bootstrap are linked in the head section.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5



Example: how to use elements as button in Bootstrap 5:

 

Code explanation:

This code is a section of HTML code within the body of a webpage. It contains five buttons created using different input elements and an anchor element with the Bootstrap “btn-success” class. The first button is an “Input Button” created using an input element with the type “button”. The second button is a “Submit Button” created using an input element with the type “submit”. The third button is a “Reset Button” created using an input element with type “reset”. The fourth button is simply a “Button” created using a button element. The fifth button is a “Link Button” created using an anchor element with a href attribute and the role attribute set to “button”. All of the buttons have the Bootstrap “btn-success” class, which provides them with a green appearance. The code also includes a link to the Bootstrap JavaScript file “bootstrap.bundle.js”.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5




Example: how to create button outlines in Bootstrap 5

Bootstrap 5 provides several classes for creating button outlines, which are buttons with a transparent background and a border. These classes are:

  • .btn-outline-primary: creates a primary colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-secondary: creates a secondary colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-success: creates a success colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-danger: creates a danger colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-warning: creates a warning colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-info: creates an info colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-light: creates a light colored outline button
  • .btn-outline-dark: creates a dark colored outline button
 

Code explanation:

This code is a section of HTML code that creates 8 buttons using the button element. Each button has a different class assigned to it, which determines its color and appearance. The classes used are all from Bootstrap 5 and create outline buttons with different colors:

  • .btn-outline-primary: creates a primary colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-secondary: creates a secondary colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-success: creates a success colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-danger: creates a danger colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-warning: creates a warning colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-info: creates an info colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-light: creates a light colored outline button.
  • .btn-outline-dark: creates a dark colored outline button.

Each button displays a label that indicates the purpose of the button. The buttons will be displayed on the webpage with the specified colors and labels.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5



Example: how to set different Button size in Bootstrap 5:

In Bootstrap 5, buttons come in different sizes to provide options for different scenarios and to fit the design of a website. The available sizes are small (btn-sm) and large (btn-lg) and can be applied to the button element by adding the respective class to it. You can also control the size of the buttons using CSS by setting custom values for padding and font size. The size of the buttons in Bootstrap 5 provides greater flexibility and customization for the design and layout of a website.

 

Code explanation:

This code is written in HTML and uses Bootstrap CSS to style the buttons. The code starts by defining the document type as HTML and sets the character set to UTF-8. The viewport is set to have a width equal to the device width and an initial scale of 1.0. The title of the page is set to “Bootstrap Button Tutorial.” The code then links to the Bootstrap CSS file.

In the body of the code, there is a header with the text “Programming Digest” that is centered and colored blue. The header is surrounded by a div with a width of 600 pixels and a text alignment of center.

Below the header, there are three buttons that are styled using the Bootstrap class “btn btn-success.” The first button has a class “btn-sm” and is labeled as a “Small Button”. The second button is labeled as a “Default Button.” The third button has a class “btn-lg” and is labeled as a “Large Button.”

The code includes a script tag that links to the Bootstrap JavaScript file “js/bootstrap.bundle.js.” This JavaScript file provides the interactivity and additional functionality to the buttons.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5



Example: how to create Active state button in Bootstrap 5:

Active state buttons in Bootstrap are buttons that are used to indicate an active element on the page. When a button is in its active state, it is styled differently than when it is in its inactive state. In Bootstrap, this is achieved by adding the “active” class to the button element.

For example, if you have a button with the class “btn btn-primary”, to make it active, you would add the class “active” to the button element like this: <button type=”button” class=”btn btn-primary active”>Button</button>.

The styling of active buttons is defined in the Bootstrap CSS. When a button is in its active state, it appears pressed, with a darker background and a lighter text color. The active state is typically used for buttons that trigger some action or change the state of an element on the page.

 

Code explanation:

This code is a simple HTML document that creates two buttons using Bootstrap CSS. The first button has a class of “btn btn-success” and is labeled “Default Button”. The second button has the same class as the first button, but also includes the “active” class. This second button is labeled “Active Button”.

The “btn” class is a part of the Bootstrap CSS library and is used to style the buttons in a standardized manner. The “btn-success” class provides a green color for the button, indicating that it represents a successful action. The “active” class changes the appearance of the button to indicate that it is currently in an active state.

The code also includes a header with text “Programming Digest” and a link to the Bootstrap CSS library. Finally, it includes a script tag that links to the Bootstrap JavaScript bundle, which is necessary for certain Bootstrap components to work properly.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5



Example: How to create Disable state button in bootstrap 5:

The disabled state button in Bootstrap 5 is a type of button that has a visually disabled appearance and is not clickable. It is used when certain functionality is not available or the user is not allowed to interact with the button. The disabled state is achieved by adding the “disabled” attribute to the button element or by using the “pointer-events: none” CSS property.

For example, in the above code example, there are two buttons, one with the “default” class and the other with the “active” class. The active button will be visually distinct from the default button, but both will be clickable. If you want to make one of the buttons not clickable, you can add the “disabled” attribute to the button element or use CSS to set the “pointer-events” property to “none.”

It’s important to note that the disabled state is not just a visual change, but also affects the behavior of the button. For example, a form will not submit when the submit button is disabled. This allows you to prevent user interaction with the button until certain conditions are met, such as entering valid form data.

In summary, the disabled state buttons in Bootstrap 5 are a useful tool for providing a disabled appearance and behavior to buttons, and are especially useful in form interactions where user input is required before the button can be used.

 

Code explanation:

In This code I create two buttons with the “btn-primary” and “btn-success” classes. The “disabled” attribute on each button means that the buttons are in a disabled state, meaning they cannot be clicked or otherwise interacted with. This feature is often used when a form input is required before the button can be used, or when a user does not have sufficient permissions to access the button’s functionality. The “btn-primary” and “btn-success” classes are classes provided by Bootstrap to specify the color of the button. The “btn-primary” class creates a button with a blue color, while the “btn-success” class creates a green button.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5




Example: how to create Spinner Buttons in bootstrap 5

Spinner buttons in Bootstrap 5 are used to indicate an action is being performed or that a process is ongoing. They provide visual feedback to the user that the button is being processed and prevents the user from repeatedly clicking the button while the action is still in progress. The spinner button is a variation of a standard button, with the addition of a loading spinner displayed on the button. The spinner is animated to give the user a clear indication that the action is in progress. The spinner can be displayed on the button in a number of different colors and styles, depending on the button’s purpose and design. To implement a spinner button in Bootstrap 5, you need to add the .spinner-border class to the button along with the desired color class. It’s important to note that the spinner should only be displayed for a brief period of time and should be hidden when the action is completed, to prevent the user from becoming frustrated with a continuously spinning button.

 

Code explanation:

This code creates two buttons in HTML with Bootstrap 5 styling. The buttons have the classes “btn btn-primary” and “btn btn-success” to give them the default styles for primary and success buttons in Bootstrap 5.

Both buttons have a spinner inside of them. The first button has a class “spinner-border spinner-border-sm” that creates a spinner with a border that rotates to show the user that an action is taking place. The text next to the spinner reads “Spinner Button”.

The second button has a class “spinner-grow spinner-grow-sm” that creates a spinner that grows in size to show the user that an action is taking place. The text next to the spinner reads “Spinner Button”.

It is important to note that the spinner-border and spinner-grow classes are part of Bootstrap 5’s spinners component, which is used to indicate that a background task is running, such as loading data or processing a form.

How to create Buttons in Bootstrap 5

In this Bootstrap 5 tutorial, we have discussed how to create a button and give a color effect to the button. Next, we will discuss how to create a frame or border in Bootstrap 5.

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